The New Town
Around a hundred years after the foundation of Warsaw it was clear that there was a potential for expansion. As the Old Town was limited by the City Wall, which is why it is it was decided to build the New Town at a very short distance from Warsaw's Old Town.
Even until 1791 the New Town continued to be an independent organism with its own municipal government, Town Hall and City Hall Square (Rynek).
The New Town is more than double the size of the Old Town. Here you will find offices and housing, and the quarter seems a bit less like a museum than the Old Town. One will find slightly dusty, old pubs, backyards and people moving quickly in stead of just strolling along the street.
The New Town was also destroyed during WWII and subsequently reconstructed, but less thoroughly than the old Town. Here was a part of the Jewish ghetto, where the Nazi administration during WWII kept almost half a million people locked in an area of 4 square kilometres.
If you like churches, then the New Town is just the place for you. Every catholic monastery obviously had to be represented in the Capital, and only Jesuits and Augustinians were represented in the Old Town. The new Town is therefore home to abbey churches such as the Paulines, Dominicans and Redemptorists.
Personally I prefer the old gothic parish church (the Maria Church) from 1411 to all the grandiose abbey churches. It is a tall and beautiful church at the at the bank side, recommended to everyone who likes old bricks.
The New Town starts at the Barbican, and the Main Street (ul Freta) takes you past the birth place of Maria Currie (now a museum) and further on to the City Hall Square (Rynek).
You will find stairs and roads leading the River Bank, and 10 minutes walk down ul Dluga (Long Street) takes you to the Business District, where you suddenly feel as though you are in a European metropolis. Hectic, but not less cosy.
Klemens Maria Hofbauer - A catholic preacher and monk who lived in Warsaw from 1787 till 1808. He also printed religious leaflets and books.
Barbican - the old fortifications protecting Warsaw against bellicose neighbours. Built around 1548, rebuilt 1954.
The Maria Church (Kosciol Nawiedzenia Najswietszej Maryi Panny). A Gothic Parish church from 1411. Burnt 1944, reconstructed 1966. Situated at the Vistula bank.
You may also find Karen Blixen in Warsaw, here in the form of a coffee house with the name Pozegnanie z Afryki (Out of Africa).
During the summer you may enjoy an excursion by carriage
The street is characterized by a large number of unpretentious pavement restaurants and bars amid the abundance of churches.
The New Town. Central parts of the town have been reconstructed in old style, but if you turn away from ul Freta it looks completely different. This block of flats lies only a hundred metres from ul Freta.